book cover

H 234 x W 156 mm

86 pages

45 figures (colour throughout)

Published Jan 2022

Archaeopress Archaeology

ISBN

Paperback: 9781789698558

Digital: 9781789698565

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Keywords
Isle of Man; Manx Crosses; Engravings; Viking; Early Medieval

Related titles

Thorvald’s Cross

The Viking-Age Cross-Slab ‘Kirk Andreas MM 128’ and Its Iconography

By Dirk H. Steinforth

Paperback
£20.00
Includes PDF

PDF eBook
(personal use)
£9.99

PDF eBook
(institutional use)
£20.00

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The 'Manx Crosses', Scandinavian-style gravestones from the Isle of Man, are a unique collection of stone monuments unequalled in the medieval Viking World. Focussing on one particular example, 'Thorvald's cross', this book collates all the available information and presents a new interpretation as to how to understand this remarkable monument.

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Contents

Introduction ;

Background ;

The Manx Crosses ;

‘Thorvald’s Cross’: the fragment Kirk Andreas MM 128 ;
The stone’s date ;
Description ;
The figural elements of Face 1 ;
The figural elements of Face 2 ;

The iconography of the two faces of Thorvald’s Cross ;
Interpretation of Face 2 ;
Interpretation of Face 1 ;

The juxtaposition and the message ;
Combination 1: Óðinn’s fall and Christ’s triumph ;
Combination 2: Víðarr’s victory and Christ’s triumph ;
Combination 3: Óðinn’s fall and Víðarr’s victory and Christ’s triumph ;

Summary and conclusion ;

Acknowledgements ;

Bibliography ;

Places to visit

About the Author

Dirk H. Steinforth is a medieval archaeologist. He gained his MA and PhD from the Georg-August-University of Gottingen, Germany, and specialises in the early Viking Age in the Isle of Man and Irish Sea area. He has published two books as well as a number of articles on the subject. His interests include history and chronology, religion and burial-customs, art-history and iconography, ethnogenesis, and settlement archaeology. His current research as an independent scholar focuses especially on the early Vikings in north-west England, and medieval stone monuments and their imagery. He also works as a translator, proofreader, and editor.