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Archaeology of the Maghreb / Archéologie du Maghreb / اثار المغرب

The Archaeology of the Maghreb series publishes results of archaeological research carried out in the Maghreb (Prehistory-Antiquity-Middle Ages) in Open Access online and print editions. In partnership with the heritage institutions of the countries concerned, this collection is mainly dedicated to: University degrees (theses, masters, etc.), scientific events (symposia, workshops, etc.), collective works (edited volumes etc.), and monographs (survey, excavations, archaeological collections, etc.). Manuscripts can be submitted in French, English, Italian and Spanish, with an abstract in Arabic, following the Archaeology of the Maghreb Submission Guide. E-mail address: amaghreb.series@gmail.com

EDITORIAL BOARD (in alphabetical order)

SERIES EDITORS

Touatia AMRAOUI (Aix Marseille University, CNRS, CCJ, Aix-en-Provence, France)
Victoria LEITCH (Durham University, United Kingdom)
Boutheina MARAOUI TELMINI (Institut National du Patrimoine – University of Tunis, Tunisia)



ASSOCIATE EDITORS
Solenn DE LARMINAT (Aix Marseille University, CNRS, MMSH, Aix-en-Provence, France)
Anna LEONE (Durham University, United Kingdom)
Ammar OTHMAN (Institut National du Patrimoine, Tunisia)


SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEE
The editorial team, formed in agreement with Durham University, Aix-Marseille University and the Institut National du Patrimoine of Tunis, brings together an international scientific committee of professors and research directors specialized in the field of archaeology of the Maghreb, from prehistory to medieval times.

Aomar AKERRAZ (Institut National des Sciences de l'Archéologie et du Patrimoine, Rabat, Morocco)
Muftah Ahmed ALHADDAD (AZ-Zaytuna University, Tarhuna, Libya)
Allaoua AMARA (University Emir Abdelkader, Constantine – CNRPAH, Algeria)
Samir AOUNALLAH (Institut National du Patrimoine, Tunis, Tunisia)
Lotfi BELHOUCHET (Institut National du Patrimoine, Tunisia)
Sami BEN TAHAR (Institut National du Patrimoine, Tunisia)
Paul BENNET (British School at Athens, Greece)
Darío BERNAL-CASASOLA (University of Cadiz, Spain)
Youssef BOKBOT (Institut National des Sciences de l'Archéologie et du Patrimoine, Rabat, Morocco)
Michel BONIFAY (Aix Marseille University, CNRS, CCJ, Aix-en-Provence, France)
Abdeljalil BOUZOUGGAR (Institut National des Sciences de l'Archéologie et du Patrimoine, Rabat, Morocco)
Jean-Pierre BRACCO (Aix Marseille University, CNRS, LAMPEA, Aix-en-Provence, France)
Jonathan P. CONANT (Department of History, Brown University, USA)
Salim DRICI (Institut d'archéologie, University of Algiers 2, Algeria)
Hédi DRIDI (University of Neuchâtel, Switzerland)
Ahmad Saad EMRAGE (University of Benghazi, Libya)
Abdelhamid FENINA (Faculté des Sciences Humaines et Sociales, University of Tunis, Tunisia)
Abdallah FILI (University of Chouaib Doukali, El-Jadida, Morocco)
Toufik HAMOUM (Institut d'archéologie, University of Algiers 2, Algeria)
Nabil KALALLA (University of Tunis, Tunisia)
José Luis LÓPEZ CASTRO (University of Almeria, Spain)
Faouzi MAHFOUDH (Institut National du Patrimoine, Tunisia)
Lorenza-Ilia MANFREDI (Istituto di Scienze del Patrimonio Culturale (ISPC) - Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Italy
Attilio MASTINO (Scuole archeologica italiana di Cartagine, University of Sassari, Italy)
David J. MATTINGLY (School of Archaeology and Ancient History, University of Leicester, United Kingdom)
Vincent MICHEL (HeRMA – University of Poitiers, France)
Caroline MICHEL D’ANNOVILLE (Institut d'art et d’archéologie, Sorbonne University, Paris, France)
Stefan RITTER (Institut für Klassische Archäologie, Ludwig-Maximilians University, University of Munich, Germany)
Joan SANMARTI (University of Barcelona, Spain)
Samira SEHILI (University of Tunis, Tunisia)
Lea STIRLING (Department of Classics, University of Manitoba, in Winnipeg, Canada)



NEW: Le verre de Sabra al-Mansuriya - Kairouan, Tunisie - milieu Xe-milieu XIe siècle : Production et consommation: vaisselle - contenants - vitrages by Danièle Foy with a contribution by Ian Freestone; preface by Faouzi Mahfoudh. Paperback; 300 pages; 111 figures; French text with abstract in English and Arabic. 650 2020 Archaeology of the Maghreb 1. Available both in print and Open Access. Printed ISBN 9781789696615. £48.00 (No VAT). Epublication ISBN 9781789696622. Book contents pageDownload Full PDF   Buy Now

Islamic glass and its craftsmanship in the Medieval period are known almost exclusively from Middle Eastern literature. The study of the structures of the workshop and the very rich glass assemblage from Sabra al-Mansuriya (Kairouan), the Fatimid capital founded in 947/948 and destroyed in 1057, proves that Ifriqiya followed the technological evolutions of glass craftsmanship.

An examination of the furnaces and the various artefacts discovered highlights the double vocation of a palatial factory: to produce glass and glazed ceramics. From this particular workshop, installed in the wing of a palace, we found everyday glassware as well as more luxurious types, some with very specific forms, others reproducing models known throughout the Islamic world. These productions are local and imported – distinguished through morphological and chemical analyzes – and form the basis of a first typology of glass used in Ifriqiya from the 10th to 11th century.

Architectural glass, partly made on site, is also abundant. The crown-glass of different colours, used whole or in small fragments, adorned the openwork panel walls with various carvings. The windows and their glass offered a rich polychrome and a complex decorative syntax, reflecting significant technical mastery and the desire to display economic and political power.

About the Author
Danièle Foy is Emeritus Research Director at CNRS, Centre Camille Jullian (Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, CCJ, Aix-en-Provence, France). Her work concerns crafts, trade and consumption of glass in Antiquity, the Middle Ages and the pre-industrial period in the Mediterranean area.

Le verre islamique et son artisanat à l’époque médiévale sont presque exclusivement connus par la documentation du Proche-Orient. L’étude des structures de l’atelier et du très riche mobilier en verre de Sabra al-Mansuriya (Kairouan), capitale fatimide fondée en 947/948 et détruite en 1057, prouve que l’Ifriqiya n’est pas resté en retrait de l’essor de l’artisanat verrier. L’examen des fours et des différents artefacts mis au jour met en évidence la double vocation d’une fabrique palatiale : produire du verre et de la céramique glaçurée. De cet atelier particulier, installé dans l’aile d’un palais, sortaient des verres communs et d’autres plus luxueux, certains de formes spécifiques, d’autres reproduisant des modèles connus dans l’ensemble du monde islamique. Ces productions locales et les importations, distinguées par l’étude morphologique et les analyses chimiques, forment la base d’une première typologie des verres utilisés dans l’Ifriqiya des Xe-XIe siècle.

Le verre architectural, en partie fabriqué sur place, est également abondant. Les cives de différentes couleurs, utilisées entières ou en menus fragments, garnissaient des claustras de plâtre très ajourés et aux découpes variées. Les fenêtres et leurs vitraux offraient une riche polychromie et une syntaxe décorative complexe, traduisant une grande maîtrise technique et la volonté d’exprimer un pouvoir économique et politique.

Danièle Foy est directrice de recherches émérite au CNRS, Centre Camille Jullian (Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, CCJ, Aix-en- Provence, France). Ses travaux concernent l’artisanat, le commerce et la consommation du verre dans l’Antiquité, le Moyen Age et la période pré-industrielle dans l’espace méditerranéen. Ses publications sur le verre islamique portent sur le mobilier de Fustat-Le Caire, Hadir et Damas en Syrie et Sharma au Yémen. En Tunisie, elle a principalement étudié le verre d’époque romaine provenant de Carthage, Pupput, Sidi Jdidi et Nabeul.
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