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Archaeology of the Maghreb / Archéologie du Maghreb / اثار المغرب

The Archaeology of the Maghreb series publishes results of archaeological research carried out in the Maghreb (Prehistory-Antiquity-Middle Ages) in Open Access online and print editions. In partnership with the heritage institutions of the countries concerned, this collection is mainly dedicated to: University degrees (theses, masters, etc.), scientific events (symposia, workshops, etc.), collective works (edited volumes etc.), and monographs (survey, excavations, archaeological collections, etc.). Manuscripts can be submitted in French, English, Italian and Spanish, with an abstract in Arabic, following the Archaeology of the Maghreb Submission Guide. E-mail address: amaghreb.series@gmail.com

EDITORIAL BOARD (in alphabetical order)

SERIES EDITORS

Touatia AMRAOUI, Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, CCJ, Aix-en-Provence, France
Victoria LEITCH, Durham University, United Kingdom
Boutheina MARAOUI TELMINI, Institut National du Patrimoine/Université de Tunis, Tunisia



ASSOCIATE EDITORS
Solenn DE LARMINAT, Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, CCJ, Aix-en-Provence, France
Anna LEONE, Durham University, United Kingdom
Ammar OTHMAN, Institut National du Patrimoine, Tunisia


SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEE
Aomar AKERRAZ (Morocco)
Muftah Ahmed ALHADDAD (Libya)
Allaoua AMARA (Algeria)
Samir AOUNALLAH (Tunisia)
Lotfi BELHOUCHET (Tunisia)
Sami BEN TAHAR (Tunisia)
Paul BENNETT (United Kingdom)
Darío BERNAL-CASASOLA (Spain)
Youssef BOKBOT (Morocco)
Michel BONIFAY (France)
Abdeljalil BOUZOUGGAR (Morocco)
Jean-Pierre BRACCO (France)
Jonathan P. CONANT (USA)
Salim DRICI (Algeria)
Hédi DRIDI (Switzerland)
Ahmad Saad EMRAGE (Libya)
Abdelhamid FENINA (Tunisia)
Abdallah FILI (Morocco)
Toufik HAMOUM (Algeria)
Nabil KALALLA (Tunisia)
José Luis LÓPEZ CASTRO (Spain)
Faouzi MAHFOUDH (Tunisia)
Lorenza-Ilia MANFREDI (Italy)
Attilio MASTINO (Italy)
David J. MATTINGLY (United Kingdom)
Vincent MICHEL (France)
Caroline MICHEL D’ANNOVILLE (France)
Stefan RITTER (Germany)
Joan SANMARTI (Spain)
Samira SEHILI (Tunisia)
Lea STIRLING (Canada)



FORTHCOMING: Le verre de Sabra al-Mansuriya - Kairouan, Tunisie - milieu Xe-milieu XIe siècle : Production et consommation: vaisselle - contenants - vitrages by Danièle Foy with a contribution by Ian Freestone; preface by Faouzi Mahfoudh. Paperback; 300pp; 111 figures; French text with abstract in English and Arabic. Archaeology of the Maghreb 1. Buy Now

Islamic glass and its craftsmanship in the Medieval period are known almost exclusively from Middle Eastern literature. The study of the structures of the workshop and the very rich glass assemblage from Sabra al-Mansuriya (Kairouan), the Fatimid capital founded in 947/948 and destroyed in 1057, proves that Ifriqiya followed the technological evolutions of glass craftsmanship.

An examination of the furnaces and the various artefacts discovered highlights the double vocation of a palatial factory: to produce glass and glazed ceramics. From this particular workshop, installed in the wing of a palace, we found everyday glassware as well as more luxurious types, some with very specific forms, others reproducing models known throughout the Islamic world. These productions are local and imported – distinguished through morphological and chemical analyzes – and form the basis of a first typology of glass used in Ifriqiya from the 10th to 11th century.

Architectural glass, partly made on site, is also abundant. The crown-glass of different colours, used whole or in small fragments, adorned the openwork panel walls with various carvings. The windows and their glass offered a rich polychrome and a complex decorative syntax, reflecting significant technical mastery and the desire to display economic and political power.

About the Author
Danièle Foy is Emeritus Research Director at CNRS, Centre Camille Jullian (Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, CCJ, Aix-en-Provence, France). Her work concerns crafts, trade and consumption of glass in Antiquity, the Middle Ages and the pre-industrial period in the Mediterranean area. Her publications on Islamic glass relate to finds from Fustat-Cairo, Hadir and Damascus in Syria and Sharma in Yemen. In Tunisia, she mainly studied Roman glass from Carthage, Pupput, Jdidi and Nabeul.

Le verre islamique et son artisanat à l’époque médiévale sont presque exclusivement connus par la documentation du Proche-Orient. L’étude des structures de l’atelier et du très riche mobilier en verre de Sabra al-Mansuriya (Kairouan), capitale fatimide fondée en 947/948 et détruite en 1057, prouve que l’Ifriqiya n’est pas resté en retrait de l’essor de l’artisanat verrier.

L’examen des fours et des différents artefacts mis au jour met en évidence la double vocation d’une fabrique palatiale : produire du verre et de la céramique glaçurée. De cet atelier particulier, installé dans l’aile d’un palais, sortaient des verres communs et d’autres plus luxueux, certains de formes spécifiques, d’autres reproduisant des modèles connus dans l’ensemble du monde islamique. Ces productions locales et les importations, distinguées par l’étude morphologique et les analyses chimiques, forment la base d’une première typologie des verres utilisés dans l’Ifriqiya des Xe-XIe siècle.

Le verre architectural, en partie fabriqué sur place, est également abondant. Les cives de différentes couleurs, utilisées entières ou en menus fragments, garnissaient des claustras de plâtre très ajourés et aux découpes variées. Les fenêtres et leurs vitraux offraient une riche polychromie et une syntaxe décorative complexe, traduisant une grande maîtrise technique et la volonté d’exprimer un pouvoir économique et politique.

Danièle Foy est directrice de recherches émérite au CNRS, Centre Camille Jullian, (Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, CCJ, Aix-en-Provence, France).Ses travaux concernent l’artisanat, le commerce et la consommation du verre dans l’Antiquité, le Moyen Age et la période pré-industrielle dans l’espace méditerranéen. Ses publications sur le verre islamique portent sur le mobilier de Fustat-Le Caire, Hadir et Damas en Syrie et Sharma au Yémen. En Tunisie, elle a principalement étudié le verre d’époque romaine provenant de Carthage, Pupput, Jdidi et Nabeul.
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